Gunfight: 12 Gauge vs. 20 Gauge for Waterfowl and Upland Birds


Editor’s be aware: As hunters and anglers, we don’t agree on every thing. We’ve even been identified to argue every so often. That’s why this week is all about determining who’s proper and who’s simply plain mistaken. Day-after-day we’ll be posting tales to resolve looking and fishing’s most necessary debates—like 870 vs. 500, summer time sausage vs. venison jerky, and fly fishing vs. spin fishingWelcome to Versus Week.

The 20-gauge is having a second once more, with hunters giddy on TSS and bismuth placing up their 12s in favor of the smaller bore. That features me to a sure small extent. I haven’t shot a pheasant with a 12-gauge in two years, having switched, in the interim, to a 20-gauge O/U. So, I completely get that 20s could be mild, trim, nice to hold, and efficient.

However let’s not go overboard right here. A 20-gauge could be all you want for, say, pheasants over a pointing canine, or doves coming to a spinner, or geese over decoys. Loaded with TSS, a 20 will kill turkeys farther away than anybody ought to shoot them. And but, whereas that’s all true, it doesn’t for one minute change the truth that something a 20-gauge can do, a 12 can do higher.

It’s such a lopsided comparability, actually, that I’m not going to trouble detailing the attributes one after which the opposite. I’m going to easily checklist the numerous through which the 12 wins.

8 Causes Why a 12-Gauge Is Higher Than a 20

1. It’s extra versatile.

With its greater bore and bigger hull capability, the 12-gauge can shoot a variety of payloads, from 5/8-ounce Minishells as much as 2-ounce-plus turkey hundreds. Twenties have a way more restricted vary. You would possibly be capable to reload ½-ounce shells for them, however ¾-ounce is extra practical, and 20s high out round 1-5/16 ounces of lead, or 1½ ounces with TSS. Additionally, even 3-inch 20-gauge hulls can’t maintain a lot in the way in which of huge pellets like BBs or buckshot.

Certain 20-gauge TSS can drop a gobbler manner on the market, but when that’s what you’re after, a 12 can attain even farther.

2. It’s extra environment friendly

The 12-gauge shoots extra environment friendly patterns than the smaller 20-gauge bore with regards to capturing simply deformed shot like lead, or brittle shot like bismuth. The distinction will not be a lot in lots of instances, however it exists. Why be much less environment friendly whenever you could be extra environment friendly?

3. It’s quicker

Heavier weapons (extra on gun weight in a bit) are quicker to the goal. It’s counter-intuitive however true. I’ve confirmed this to my very own satisfaction, with mild 20s and heavy 12s, clays and a stopwatch.

When you don’t need to take my phrase for it, how about this? There isn’t a quicker recreation than Olympic Skeet, with its 60 mph targets, numerous doubles, variable delay, and low gun begin. You possibly can shoot any gun you need, and no hundreds heavier than 24 grams (7/8 ounce) are allowed. If a light-weight 20-gauge have been quicker to the goal, all people who wished to win a gold medal would shoot them. No person ever does. They shoot 12s.

4. It’s Simpler to Shoot

The added heft of a 12-gauge makes the gun smoother swinging, surer-pointing, and more durable to strangle or over-control. Mild weapons are sometimes “whippy” (though I by no means preferred that time period and like to consider them as “flighty”) particularly at longer ranges. Smoothness is far more necessary than a quick begin whenever you’re capturing a shotgun.

The exception is that some smaller shooters might need a better time dealing with a 20-gauge with lighter, softer-kicking hundreds within the discipline. For them, a 20-gauge could be much less awkward to shoot, and due to this fact a more sensible choice. However, that is the exception.

5. It Can kick much less

If low-recoil is what you need, use cheap hundreds in a soft-shooting 12 like this Beretta A400.

Nothing kicks lower than very mild goal hundreds in a 12-gauge gas-operated semiauto. Conversely, a light-weight 20-gauge, even loaded with nothing greater than a 7/8 ounce goal load, can sting.  I’ve seen youngsters completely rocked by very mild youth mannequin 20-gauge pumps and normal goal hundreds. Gauge has nothing to do with recoil. Final time I began a brand new shooter, I let her strive just a few of my weapons, together with a 20 and a 28. As soon as she obtained her arms on the soft-kicking 12-gauge Remington V3, she wouldn’t shoot anything.

The 20-gauge’s popularity for low recoil stems completely from the sunshine hundreds individuals shoot via these weapons. Recoil is an element solely of payload weight, payload velocity, and gun weight. Gauge has nothing to do with it. Twenties solely kick lower than 12s whenever you examine apples to oranges.

6. It Can Be As Mild

Twenty gauges vary from 5½ kilos or so as much as 7-plus. Twelve-gauges are available all sizes and shapes. My very own 12s vary from a 6½-pound double to a 8¾-pound goal O/U, and you’ll find each lighter and heavier 12s. Some alloy-frame 12-gauge O/Us or older, 2-inch 12-gauge doubles, weigh about 6 kilos. When you get a lot beneath 6 kilos, shotguns change into ever tougher to shoot effectively. By way of sensible mild weight, you’ll find a 12 that’s almost as mild as any 20 price looking with.

7. It’s a Higher Discount

Used 20-gauge shotguns promote quicker and for more cash than the identical gun in 12-gauge. When you’re on the lookout for a deal, store for a 12. As I’ve talked about earlier than, the easiest offers in previous weapons are older British weapons, particularly boxlocks from lesser-known makers. No person needs these weapons as a result of they’re not smallbores. And but, they’re usually effectively beneath 7 kilos, simply the proper weight for carrying within the uplands and capturing effectively. And, they’re cool—and uncared for. Spot one sitting forlornly within the used gun rack, bide your time, and make a low-ball supply, and also you would possibly shock your self with the deal you get.

8. It’s Extra Moral

There. I mentioned it. A 12-gauge is extra moral. There’s nothing “sporting” (or, worse “manly” as some will inform you) about capturing little weapons, until you might be so disciplined in your shot choice that you simply go photographs along with your smallbore that you simply’d take with a 12 and don’t thoughts for those who come house with fewer birds due to it.

My feeling about 12 vs. 20 comes right down to this: If I shoot a chook that retains flying—and it may occur with any gauge—I need to know that I used to be capturing sufficient gun. I’d hate to suppose I brought about a chook to get away and undergo simply because I assumed a bit of gun was by some means “extra enjoyable.”





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